DIY laminate flooring
The choice of laminate flooring is not accidental. It has a beautiful appearance, the price is suitable for the quality, the material has simple instructions for laying with your own hands. This will reduce the total price of the Reform del Piso del if it is not possible to find the work of professionals. How to lay laminate flooring correctly - this is described in this article.
The final result of the installation directly depends on the initial condition of the floor. If this is not taken into account, the finishing coating will not only lie unevenly, but also will not last long due to the constant load on the sheets. They will move, they will break, the joints and seams will lose their tension. How to properly lay the laminate with your own hands, depending on the type of base - wooden logs or concrete? Evaluate the following:
choose a material
The main lining is laminated, classified according to resistance and wear tests. Before solving the problem of how to correctly lay the laminate for selection, the class of the laminate and other quality parameters are important.
Classes AC4 to AC% are recommended for specific locations and loads; details here. Up to the class, laminate floors last no more than 4 years. Optimum, reliable and durable, is the coating intended for commercial objects - shops, corridors. It is not forbidden to leave it at home, where it can remain in its original form for up to 20 years. In addition to the classification, pay attention to the following:
Laminate thickness. The minimum parameter is 5 mm. For high-performance domestic use, a thickness increase of up to 12 mm is optimal. In this case, the front layer and the base of the carrier will last longer.
Block connection method. There are three: click, lock, and paste.
The first is popular, despite the price - the installation of the laminate with your own hands is done manually without effort. The second requires a hammer to tamp. The third involves gluing the entire locking system with glue. In the latter case, undamaged disassembly is subsequently impossible.
Suitable for use in bathrooms. Packaging with laminate must have a corresponding sign.
Choosing the right laminate is easy; read more in this article.
There are several types of bases for laying laminate flooring. Each type has pros and cons. The price is also appropriate.
Property of a material to bounce back after significant pressure. It has a low thermal conductivity, which will provide a warm floor in a nursery or bedroom. The naturalness of the product speaks of respect for the environment. Minus: the base of the cork must be perfectly flat; differences of more than 2 mm are unacceptable.
High heat capacity, leveling flaws in the slab or wood floor surface. Soundproofing and inertia to humidity. However, this material is short-lived, after 5-6 years of operation it loses its elasticity. Dangerous in case of fire, like many styrenes, it emits poisonous gases.
The most budgetary material, the quality is adequate. Over time, it crumbles under ultraviolet light and loses its shape. Of the advantages, a reflective effect is noted, since one of the sides is laminated, resistance to moisture and aggressive environments.
A correctly selected, high-quality substrate is a guarantee of a uniform laminate coating and overall comfort of use.
Calculation of the number of boards.
The simplest calculation to obtain the exact number of lamellae per area to be covered is: S room / S lamella. But the calculation is very approximate, since the final amount depends on the following factors:
Placement method. Cover or diagonal methods vary up to a total 40%.
Lamella length. The range of 1.3 to 2.66 m affects the number of boards needed.
Craft. It's hard for fans to do without marriage and fights for the first time.
It's also important to note that packages contain a certain percentage of factory errors, so the final amount in the calculation is boldly increased by 15-20%.
Preparing the laminate
When the lining is purchased, it must be adapted to room temperature, so that in the future, due to a sharp drop, the laminate does not receive deformations. To do this, the container is opened and the sheets are placed on a horizontal surface for up to 3 days. It is recommended to do this when the base is fully prepared.
Laminate laying methods - choose a method
When choosing the installation direction, it is important to consider the flow of light from the windows. The rays falling on the transverse laying visually increase the area of the room. The diagonal style creates a similar effect.
In which direction should the laminate be laid? Characteristics of each style:
Classic deck placement is good for your economy - all boards will be used with a minimum amount of trimming.
The advantage of laying along and in the fact that the floor area becomes a single canvas - the joints are practically invisible. In addition, the task of how to lay the laminate yourself is simplified. Minus - narrow rooms will already decrease in size.
perpendicular to the windows
It is considered durable, since the joints are staggered, which avoids more pressure, respectively, the operation is prolonged. The downside is not for small rooms. DIY laminate flooring on a run will cut them down even further.
The diagonal method is laborious, uneconomical - you need to cut each board at an angle. More on the visual alignment of not only the floor, but also the walls.
Diagonals also make the room larger, which is beneficial for non-standard rooms - narrow, with two windows on one wall, etc.
If you are new to laying laminate flooring, then deck classic is what you need. Diagonals require skill. If you wish, it is possible to entrust work to professionals with a guarantee of long-term operation.
tools and supplies
Tools will be required depending on the tooling method chosen. What you need to install laminate flooring:
Mallet: a wooden or rubber mallet.
Square, tape measure.
Markers. It is important to choose washable, especially for lighter shades of laminate.
Hacksaw or jigsaw. The latter is preferable, as it cuts the contours accurately if it is necessary to go around the pipes.
Wedges for maintaining technological gaps between the wall and the lamellae. This is required for linear coverage extensions.
Adhesive tape to place the base.
The foundation must be ready by that time: a concrete leveling mixture is poured or plywood is laid. How to level the base, see here.
Installation instructions for laminate flooring.
The finished surface of the subfloor is cleaned; There should be no sand, concrete chips, sawdust or other debris, otherwise the lining will not fit well. A vacuum cleaner is used to clean. Next, how to cover the floor with laminate
It is important to decide in advance whether additional waterproofing is required - it is laid under it. It is impossible to overlap the sealing layer - the laminate will swell over time. The edges of the backrest necessarily go against the wall, creating additional cushioning.
Do-it-yourself laminate laying technology begins with laying the board in the farthest corner of the room. Wedges are installed between it and the wall. The boards are inserted into the end closures until a characteristic click occurs. The glue method involves lubricating the system with glue before inserting it. Then each lamella, if necessary, is removed with a mallet.
After finishing the first row, continue with the second, cutting the board so that the joint falls in the middle of the entire element. Therefore, the work continues.
The last row is complicated by the fact that there is not enough space to fill the previous one. The technique of laying laminate do-it-yourself implies the presence of a special support - a clamp.
Its edge is drawn into the groove of the lamella, and with tamping along the second edge, a satisfactory result is obtained.
Almost all rooms have radiators that extend to the floor. Surrounding them with laminate is easy.
For this, the dimensions, the diagonals and the distance from the pipe to the wall, are transferred to the lamella. Circles are drawn, cut out with a special drill. Then through its center the desired area is cut. The two elements are then connected around the pipes. The seats are fixed with rubber or plastic pads.
Do-it-yourself diagonal laminate assembly has a similar principle. But the process takes more time, since it is required to carefully check the trimming of each board. Errors along the edge of no more than 2 mm are allowed, in this case the edges will hide the skirting boards.
Do you have some doubts?